At the time of the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ 582 years later, the city and whole nation were under the control of the Romans. Herod the Great ruled on behalf of the occupying Romans, he built a very large new temple on the site of the original Solomon’s temple. It is mentioned frequently in the gospel accounts of the life of Jesus.
Following the death of the Lord Jesus Christ, rebellion broke out among the Jews finally coming to a head with the Roman legions laying two sieges upon the city and in 70AD the city was taken with great loss of life among the occupying Jews. The temple was very badly damaged and lost its place in the religious life of the very few Jews who were left. Many thousands of Jews were exiled and taken into captivity and scattered among the then known world.
The Romans continued to control the city and Jews were excluded on pain of death. Emperor Hadrian in 130AD commenced rebuilding parts of the city and at that time it was known as Aelia Capitolina.
With the exclusion of the Jews from the land of Palestine and Jerusalem in particular the city came under Gentile Christian control from 300 – 637AD.
In 637AD the Muslim armies took over control of the city. Between 685 and 691AD the Temple site was cleared and the Dome of the Rock was erected on part of the site.
In 1099 the Crusaders descended upon the city and held it as a Christian city until 1187 when the Muslim army of Saladin besieged the city and the Christians were expelled. However, Jews were allowed to return at this time and many immigrated from North Africa, Europe and Yemen.
Various foreign people such as the Egyptians, Mongols, Syrians and the Mamluks occupied the city for a period up to 1517 when the Turks took control.
In 1917 with the defeat of the Turks the country of Palestine was taken over by Britain who governed the land until 1948.
In May of 1948 the State of Israel was established and in the 1967 war the Jews regained control of Jerusalem once more after 1878 years of absence. As Luke 21:24 says “and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the time of the Gentiles be fulfilled.”
The Lord God has made it known through His word that His city is to be the future capital of the world as the seat of the Lord Jesus Christ when he returns to take his rightful place as king.